Leonardo da Vinci may be best known for painting the world's most enigmatic smile, but a new exhibition at Buckingham Palace explores the Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist's breathtaking anatomical studies of the human body. "Leonardo da Vinci: Anatomist", which runs from May 4 to October 7, features 87 anatomical drawings by Leonardo, the largest collection to ever go on show including a detailed portrayal in red chalk of a child in the breech position and pencil drawings of the human skull. Curators at the gallery believe the body of work, which was never published in the artist's lifetime, would have made Leonardo one of greatest Renaissance scientists to this day. Leonardo's desire to be "true to nature" saw the artist dissect 30 corpses and compile hundreds of sheets of drawings of the human body, but his research stayed among his private papers until 1900, when they were finally published and understood by the scientific world. "Had Leonardo published, he would have been the most important figure ever to publish on human anatomy and we would regard him now on par with Galileo or Newton," Martin Clayton, senior curator of paintings and drawings, told Reuters. "Leonardo has a reputation as a great painter who did a bit of science on the side, almost like a hobby, people think of his flying machine and submarine". Clayton said the exhibition shows that Leonardo's work as an a natomist was deeply serious, incredibly detailed and hugely ...

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